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;Satyagraha House:
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;Meadowlands Secondary School:
  
[[File:Satyagraha House 4.jpg|thumb|Fondly known as: "The Kraal"]]
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[[File:Meadowlands School.jpg|thumb|Mural on wall of High School original building]]
[[File:Satyagraha-House-1.jpg|thumb|Joburgpedia plaque next to CoJ Blue plaque]]
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[[File:Meadowland HS-1.jpg|thumb|Joburgpedia plaque next to CoJ Blue plaque]]
Satyagraha House, commonly known as Gandhi House, is a museum and guest house located in Johannesburg. The house belonged to Mahatma Gandhi: he lived and worked there between 1908 and 1909. It is registered as part of Johannesburg's historical heritage. Satyagraha means insistence on truth. The house was designed by the architect Hermann Kallenbach for Gandhi and himself. Originally called the Kraal, because of the use of traditional African elements integrated in a European dwelling.
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Meadowlands Secondary School was one of the first schools established in Meadowlands after forceful removals from Sophiatown. The school become one of the hot spots of the student uprising of 1976 in Soweto. Meadowlands Secondary school received a heritage plaque on the 16th June 2013, as part of the June 16 Soweto Heritage Trail facilitated by the city of Johannesburg.
  
 
;Quick Facts:
 
;Quick Facts:
  
*'''JP Tile No.:''' 1
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*'''JP Tile No.:''' 7
*'''Building Age: ''' 1908
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*'''Building Age: ''' 1955
*'''Current Usage:''' Museum & Guest House
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*'''Current Usage:''' Secondary School
 
*'''Heritage Status:''' CoJ Heritage site
 
*'''Heritage Status:''' CoJ Heritage site
*'''Street address:  15 Pine Road, Orchards
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*'''Ownership:''' City Council
*'''Ownership:'''  
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*''':Previous Owner:'''  Jarrod and Nancy Ball
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*''':Present Owner:''' Voyageurs du Monde (Paris, France)
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<br>
 
<br>
  
 
;Statement of Significance:
 
;Statement of Significance:
  
This home was built and owned by the architect Hermann Kallenbach, who lived here with Mahatma Gandhi from 1908 -1909It was around these years that Gandhi developed his philosophy of Satyagraha or non-violent resistance, which Gandhi championed in india’s independence struggle, and which has influenced many struggles for freedom and human rights around the world.
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On the morning of June 16, there was no march in Meadowlands, and school activities went on as usual.  However, by the afternoon, news of the police shootings reached Meadowlands, and angry students went on a rampage, destroying landmarks associated with the apartheid governmentThe next day, on June 17th, a planned march to Orlando Stadium was coordinated by students from Meadowlands High, collecting students from neighbouring schools, before heading towards the stadium where police blocked their way.
  
;Legal Status (Decree/Act):
 
  
''':General Protection:''' Section 34 (1) Structures under the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999.
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;Legal Status (Decree/Act): None
  
''':Authority Responsible:''' Provincial Heritage Resources Authority
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;Historical Reference:
  
;Historical Refference:
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On the 20th of January a meeting of the Meadowlands Tswana School Board met and were addressed by the Circuit inspector. He spoke to them about implementing the 50-50 policy. The latter prescribed that the education of Black children in urban areas was paid for by the white population. Consequently, the circuit inspector stated that social studies, history and geography as well as mathematics shall be taught through the medium of Afrikaans. The school board was of the view that the inspector only spoke in an advisory capacity, the Board unanimously accepted a motion that the medium of instruction in schools under the jurisdiction of the Meadowlands Tswana School Board from standard 3 to 8 should be in English. Early in February two members of the Meadowlands Tswana School Board, Mr. Letlape and Mr. Peele were dismissed.  
 
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On the back of a photograph of the house, Kallenbach wrote (in German):
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<blockquote style="background-color: lightgrey; border: dashed thin grey;">
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“The Kraal, our first house, where Gandhi lived with me for several years. In this house the Rev. J. Doke came many times while writing the book asbout Gandhi ‘An Indian patriot’ ”. 18 Sept. 1928 H.K.
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</blockquote>
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In his book, the first biography written on Gandhi, Rev. Joseph Doke wrote:
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<blockquote style="background-color: lightgrey; border: dashed thin grey;">
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"I write this in the house in which he usually lives when in Johannesburg. Yonder is the open stoep – there is the rolled-up mattress on which he sleeps”.
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</blockquote>
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;Interesting:
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This tile has received the most number of scans since installation, compared to other plaques.  
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You can read a more detailed article on Wikipedia in any of the following languages.
 
You can read a more detailed article on Wikipedia in any of the following languages.
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*  [[wikipedia:ig:Ulobibi_nke_Satyagraha|Igbo]]  
 
*  [[wikipedia:ig:Ulobibi_nke_Satyagraha|Igbo]]  
 
|style="width:35%;font-size:95%";color:#000"|
 
|style="width:35%;font-size:95%";color:#000"|
*  [[wikipedia:zu:Indlu_ye_Satyagraha|Isizulu]]  
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*  [[wikipedia:zu:Iskolo_sebanga_elikhulu_se_Meadowlands|Isizulu]]   
|style="width:35%;font-size:95%";color:#000"|
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* [[wikipedia:st:Ntlu_ya_Satyagraha|Sesotho]]
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|style="width:35%;font-size:95%";color:#000"|
 
|style="width:35%;font-size:95%";color:#000"|
*  [[wikipedia:ts:Yindlu_ya_Satyagraha|Xitsonga]]  
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*  [[wikipedia:ts:Meadowlands_Secondary_School|Xitsonga]]  
 
|style="width:35%;font-size:95%";color:#000"|
 
|style="width:35%;font-size:95%";color:#000"|
* [[wikipedia:en:Satyagraha_House|English]]
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* [[wikipedia:en:Meadowlands_Secondary_School|English]]
 
|}
 
|}
 
</div><br />
 
</div><br />

Revision as of 16:52, 23 January 2014

Meadowlands Secondary School
Mural on wall of High School original building
Joburgpedia plaque next to CoJ Blue plaque

Meadowlands Secondary School was one of the first schools established in Meadowlands after forceful removals from Sophiatown. The school become one of the hot spots of the student uprising of 1976 in Soweto. Meadowlands Secondary school received a heritage plaque on the 16th June 2013, as part of the June 16 Soweto Heritage Trail facilitated by the city of Johannesburg.

Quick Facts
  • JP Tile No.: 7
  • Building Age: 1955
  • Current Usage: Secondary School
  • Heritage Status: CoJ Heritage site
  • Ownership: City Council


Statement of Significance

On the morning of June 16, there was no march in Meadowlands, and school activities went on as usual. However, by the afternoon, news of the police shootings reached Meadowlands, and angry students went on a rampage, destroying landmarks associated with the apartheid government. The next day, on June 17th, a planned march to Orlando Stadium was coordinated by students from Meadowlands High, collecting students from neighbouring schools, before heading towards the stadium where police blocked their way.


Legal Status (Decree/Act)
None
Historical Reference

On the 20th of January a meeting of the Meadowlands Tswana School Board met and were addressed by the Circuit inspector. He spoke to them about implementing the 50-50 policy. The latter prescribed that the education of Black children in urban areas was paid for by the white population. Consequently, the circuit inspector stated that social studies, history and geography as well as mathematics shall be taught through the medium of Afrikaans. The school board was of the view that the inspector only spoke in an advisory capacity, the Board unanimously accepted a motion that the medium of instruction in schools under the jurisdiction of the Meadowlands Tswana School Board from standard 3 to 8 should be in English. Early in February two members of the Meadowlands Tswana School Board, Mr. Letlape and Mr. Peele were dismissed.

You can read a more detailed article on Wikipedia in any of the following languages.

Afrikaans


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